Practical Guide for Educators

  1. Follow the Full Day Early Learning Kindergarten curriculum. The overall expectation in the FDK program is for children to demonstrate an understanding of numbers, using concrete materials to explore and investigate counting, quantity, and number relationships.
  2. Brainstorm materials and activities that can be incorporated in a classroom. Look for natural manipulatives that children can use to practice their number skills. Bring objects from outside, for example, rocks, sticks, leaves, pinecones etc. that can be used as a tool for practicing counting skills.
  3. Observe children and record their interests. Kindergarten children will learn the best through play and therefore planning activities that are based on children’s interest is essential. Look for themes that will engage a number of children and keep building on it.
  4. Start from teaching children the basics and then move to more complex mathematics. For example, practice counting from one to ten verbally. Then using objects show that one (word) represents one object and then add literacy to it by writing the number down.
  5. Meet children at their level of understanding numeracy. Do not assume that all children in your classroom know how to count and understand the concept. Step back and listen to how they engage in play related activities and look for the level they are at.
  6. Apply modifications and adaptations to activities, which you would like to implement. For example, if there is an English Language Learner (ELL) you can support him/her by using lots of visuals when explaining. Also, incorporate maybe that child’s language correspondingly with English numbers (match them, uno is one etc.). Encourage an ELL to play with others that are also exploring this concept because children learn from one another.
  7. Expand children’s knowledge by adding number sense related materials or ideas. For example, if children are playing in the drama centre with food manipulatives and they are pretending to buy and sell them, reconstruct the area to be a grocery store. You can brainstorm with children and then create price tags, add calculators and other materials that go along with this theme.
  8. Organize a field trip. Have children explore math outside of the classroom and home. Take them to a grocery store or for a walk and collect materials that can then be counted as a group or individually.
  9. Encourage family engagement. Have parents or guardians whenever they can connect their children’s experience with math. Share resources and explain that math is everywhere. Have them sing counting songs or have them solve simple math problems if they are at the higher level.
  10. Use technology as another tool for learning numeracy. If available, have children take turns working on a number sense game on an iPad or computer. Show educational videos that are age-appropriate, play counting songs or show images that promote numeracy.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s